Power of the Cell (1)

Some people think when we talk about stem cells, that we talk about magic solution or the water of life which can make miracles. This is the image that was delivered to the common patients to make them think that once you inject stem cells then your sickness will go away, and your power will be doubled, and you can beat superman.

The main reason behind this misconception is the wild desire of the companies to augment its profits by increasing the prices of the product and on the other hand the faculties can get more fund for the researches.

Does this mean that cell therapy has no clinical value? The value of the stem cells are even much more than the advertised ones, but the value does not lie in injecting the cells as they are used to do but in the contents of the cells and its power represented in the bioactive peptides the are manufactured and stored inside it. 

In this series of posts, we will spot light the scientific facts that proves that the stem cells use is much far than what we know.

As a beginning we need to discuss the cells and its power. 

The Cell is the functional unit of the body. This is the simplest definition of the cell. If we look deeply, we find that each organ is nothing more than collection of cells that are connected together in a special way and had undergone the same structural transformation to be able to perform a certain function; putting in mind that all the cells in the body has a main function which is to keep the cell alive and healthy and able to multiply. Therefore, we can summarize the functions of the cells in 2 major categories; the first one is to keep itself alive, healthy and able to reproduce and the second one is its function according to the organ it lies in and represent its functional unit. 

Thinking more deeply, we will find each person of us has the same two major functions of the cells. The first major function is to keep ourselves alive, healthy and able to reproduce; the second is to function as per our profession (Doctor – lawyer – Accountant etc..). To be able to perform these functions properly, we have organs in our body that care about our wellbeing to eat, drink, breath, move and reproduce as the stomach, intestine, liver, spleen, lung, kidneys, testis (in males) and ovaries (in females). These organs cooperate together to keep us healthy and able to reproduce. The specified centres in the brain with the locomotive system in addition to the organs of our special senses are the organs that help us to function in our profession.

On the same manner, the cells contain organelles that help keep it healthy and reproductive in addition to organelles help it to do its function in the organs it belongs to.

The language by which the cell organelles communicate inside the cells is dominated by the DNA of the cell which generates mRNA with specific orders according to the genes it carry. 

Orders go out of the nucleus to the organelles by the mRNA, which is a chain of peptides represent an image of the DNA formed of some protein sequence. The order can be given to one or more organelles in the same time and sometimes the active material needed to be produced by the cell need the cooperation of two organelles together, therefore the organelles also communicate by protein signals amongst each other called peptides.

The end result of this communication is another protein to be either transmitted to the cell membrane to be transported outside the cell or to be stored in vacuoles to be excreted or being used later.

The main factories of these peptides are the Mitochondria, Golgi bodies, smooth and rough endoplasmic reticula. Inside these organelles all the peptides needed to keep the cell healthy and functioning are produced and stored. 

Where are the peptides in the cells?

Peptides are mainly present in the cell organelles and the stored in the vacuoles of the cytoplasm, however a percent of them can be found flowing in the cytoplasm of the cell and the cell membrane and this represents about 20% of the peptides but the main storage is the organelles.